STDs Hit Record High in California

STDs Hit Record High in California

Gonorrhea is one of the most commonly reported STDs in the United States, with more cases than syphilis but fewer cases than chlamydia.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates among African-Americans were almost five times higher than caucasians, CDPH found. African-Americans reported more than twice the rate for early syphilis than caucasians.

The number of reported sexually transmitted diseases in California has reached an all-time high, according to the state's Department of Public Health. But rates of more serious infections like syphilis have increased even more, especially among men, including a 20% overall increase from 2016.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said Karen Smith, CDPH director and state public health officer. "Most people infected with an STD do not know it".

The data, which was compiled by the California Department of Public Health, revealed chlamydia and gonorrhea to be most rampant among people under 30, with rates of chlamydia highest among young women.

Chlamydia can be transmitted by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex, affecting both men and women.

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While the health department is now planning a public effort to spread awareness about the dangers of STDs and how to protect against them, the head of the state's STD Control Branch said budget issues likely played a role in the uptick of cases.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia rates were highest among those below 30 years old. This was the highest number the state recorded since reporting began in 1990.

Common among young people aged 15-24, gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat.

Syphilis is categorized as primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary- and each stage has different signs and symptoms.

Klausner pointed to the nations of Cuba, Thailand and Belarus, which have virtually eliminated syphilis cases among infants, the AP reported.

'We've known how to control syphilis since early 1900s. The syphilis rate for African-Americans were two times higher. In 2017, there were 278 stillbirths and 47 babies born with congenital syphilis in LA. Untreated syphilis can lead to permanent vision loss, hearing, and other neurologic problems. According to health officials, STDs are largely curable and can be easily prevented by taking measures to practice safe sex.

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